BMX is a style where the bikes offer 20 inch wheels. What’s not to like about riding, further, faster and for longer? This will test your ability to handle the bike. Trials. Most often, there are no rules or guidelines to follow. Most mountain bikers move from wide multi purpose routes to narrower trails known as singletrack. Full suspension. Mountain Bike Brakes | Types and Styles. If you plan on taking up freeriding, you’ll be met with a variety of different types of trails and riding areas. They are similar in design to bikes made for dirt jumping. Unlike cross country trails that involve curves and snaking paths, downhill trails are usually straight down through the mountain terrain. Whether you’re new to the sport or a seasoned athlete, knowing about the different types of mountain biking styles is beneficial. Freeride MTB is a combination of downhill and dirt jumping. While they are also mainly made for riding downhill, they do perform better ascending a trail than downhill bikes. Mountain biking doesn't always involve flying along with the clock breathing down your back. BMX The different riding styles affect the type of bike you choose, the places you ride and even people you hang out with. Our ultimate buying guide to the best mountain bikes of 2020. Top 8 Best Golf Swing Analyzers (for 2019), Churchill Swim Fins Comparison, Makapuu, Slasher and the “Hubb”, Choosing the Best Bodyboard (for your build and weight), Protection: What to Wear for a Game of Paintball …, The Top 7 Best Polarized Fishing Sunglasses of 2019, Top 17 Best Snake Proof Boots for Hiking & Hunting, Best Paintball Guns with Reviews and Safety Advice, Best Paintball Masks for Thorough Face & Eye Protection. Mountain biking is the activity of riding a bicycle on different kinds of off-road trails. They rarely have suspension – if they do just front with lockout. To face the mountain’s natural terrain with confidence, you’re going to need a rugged bike designed for the task. The frame geometry puts the seat lower than the handlebars to make riding downhill easier. It also requires significant control in order to maneuver through the trail. Even the slightest difference in suspension, weight, or tire style can change the way you ride. You can use a hardtail XC bike on intermediate downhill trails and you could take a AM bike on more punishing routes. Just be sure you save some battery to get you home. Bar height, like suspension setup, is highly subjective and depends on your own personal physiology, height, bike choice and the chosen terrain. Ideally without gravity turning all nasty and you eating dirt. They help you take up the correct body position and eat up lumps, bumps, roots and drops for breakfast. Trials are about agility, balance and a little bit of creativity. They are also much heftier than the standard mountain bike, as they are put through a lot of wear and tear. But many of the different MTB styles overlap. It goes without saying, being able to reduce your speed on your mountain bike whenever required, and having complete control at all times, is critical, to say the least. 3 day Kremasti beginner kitesurfing course in Rhodes, Greece, Rhodes kitesurf course in Kremasti: Greece kitesurfing lessons, Try scuba diving in Tenerife: Beginner dive experience in Adeje, Sri Lanka canoe experience: Kalu Ganga canoeing day trip, Berwyn Range MTB accommodation: Mountain biking cottage in Wales, Mountain Biking Spain Discount: 10% off Spanish MTB holidays, Sierra Cycling Holidays Discount: 10% off Mountain Biking, Review of VENOM Snowboard Edge and Sidewall Protector. Single track merges with bikeparks in places where trails are managed. Where and how you ride your bike can make all the difference. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. A high front suspension is common among these bikes to absorb the shock of a landing after an epic jump. This will help you choose a bike that suits you. It involves riding for extended periods of time through trails. Cheap full suspension bikes can be very heavy and provide minimal benefit over a hardtail. With a single pivot design, the rear axle pivots around a single point (shown in yellow) and the shock is attached between the rear axle and a part of the frame (usually the top tube or down tube). Okay so specialist bikes makes a particular type of MTB easier but you don’t need it to have fun. While it doesn’t usually involve extreme obstacles like other forms of mountain biking, it does require great endurance. Classic & Skate Style Roller Skis, Which are Best for Beginners? If you like to go jogging then you may know that the right underwear can make a huge difference to your comfort. How do blind people navigate when outdoors. However, this makes the bike difficult to ride uphill. Trail riding. Women’s Runderwear review: Best underwear for running? With big jumps and drops, a rear suspension travel between 130 and 170mm is needed. Keeping weight down is always a factor and rather than paniers they tend to use a backpack. There are almost as many types of eBike as there are mountain bikes so you can choose one for your style of riding. The frame geometry will be somewhere between that of the XC and DH bikes. A bikepark is just a dedicated area for mountain biking with managed routes. Where they offer most benefit is in areas without uplift. So you will be much less upright than on a DH bike with the seat normally level with, or slightly higher than the handlebars. However not all routes are as difficult as you’ll see the likes of Aaron Gwin and the Atherton’s racing down. But don’t worry you can have just one bike and make do. Single pivot designs are common among entry-level bikes for a number of reasons. The sport has over the years diversified into many riding styles or disciplines, with each discipline requiring a unique mountain bike design, kit and trail type. Additional features, such as guide chains and a tilted head will provide quick and precise control. Instead, they use their focus and control to successfully get down the mountain at the fastest speed possible. Mountain biking is trickier because you have to navigate hills and surfaces, so your upper body and core will kick into gear. The right type of bike for cross country mountain biking can vary based on the particular trail you’re on and your skill level. The goal of this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking is to provide you with an understanding of the most popular mountain biking disciplines. You can do it on trails and different types of rough terrain. Check out this MTB vs eMTB comparison to find out why I feel they both have a place in our sport. This page is for Mountain Biking Technical Terrain Features, better known as TTF's, can sometimes be the difference between an okay trail a great trail. A lightweight frame will also make moving through the trail much easier. Most dirt jump bikes don’t have suspension, although some have stiff front suspension with a little travel. Just like motorsports have numerous race disciplines, the same is true of mountain biking. Single track tourers use either cross country , all mountain or enduro bikes. Rear suspension is also a good idea, though most bikes offer only a small suspension travel. These Shimano combo pedals have a clip on only one side. They are heavy and look a bit like motorbikes. Think Red Bull Rampage. The aim is to simply be the first one past the post. Along with DH it is one of the MTB styles and disciplines that gets the most media attention. Downhill bikes are a specialized type of mountain bike with a very strong frame, altered geometry, and long-travel suspension. Cross Country (XC) Cross Country racing is the most popular mountain biking discipline and also the least extreme amongst the other forms. As riders we're always looking for new features to push our abilities, whether it's made of dirt, wood or rock you can find to on Trailforks. Four-cross, also called mountain cross, is fast paced competitive racing with four riders on the same track. Downhill mountain bikes are heavy and are not made for climbing. However, most trail riding can be done on a hybrid or a cheap MTB with no suspension. They use very similar bikes to dual slalom, although they require full suspension as there is usually a rocky section. You can ride many different ways and as you get more into one style than another buy a new bike for that speciality. Rigid bikes are mountain bikes that don’t contain any suspension at all. They were almost seen as antiquated until quite recently, but these old school Cross Country bikes are making something of a comeback. Instead of riding through trails on a mountain with different types of terrain, the sport is done in a dirt park. It involves taking a normal mountain bike off-road on to trails, such as bridleways, multi use paths and other non technical tracks. Enduro bikes tend to be top end and rather pricey. 27.5 bikes are mountain bikes that are built to use 650B or ISO 584 mm wheels. Competitions and races require bikers to achieve blazing speeds, making it a very thrilling discipline for rider and spectators. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. While there are plenty of different terms manufacturers use to describe their bikes, there are 4 basic types: Cross Country (XC), Trail, All Mountain (Enduro), and Downhill (DH). Bikes will usually be fitted out with accessories such as bar ends, drinks carriers, and front and rear panniers. This allows you to go through intricate features of the trail or riding area. On a full susser you’ll enjoy a more comfortable ride and it helps you handle gnarly terrain. Essentially, it involves riding through the mountain’s natural terrain. Choosing the right bike for your discipline will ensure that you make the most out of your ride. You get two main types of rider, those doing it to get somewhere, those riding for the trail. You’ll discover the enjoyment of the many types of mountain biking outlined below and are quickly hooked. Fatbikes can get you out on snow covered trails, beaches, deserts and make riding uphill in thick mud much easier. Downhill bikes are built to help you attack a descent and get to the bottom as quickly as possible. When I was growing up there was no suspension on mountain bikes, these days most have at least front suspension. TRAIL BIKES. Your email address will not be published. Polarized Sunglasses vs Regular (tinted) What’s the Difference? Anyone who can ride a bike can try downhill and you don’t need a DH bike for the easy trails. To make maneuvering simpler, these bikes have very light frames. They tend to be longer and lower to the ground. These bikes are commonly used at skate … This flexibility is the beauty of mountain biking. In areas where routes are maintained you’ll get some banked corners (berms) to make the ride more flowing and other features to improve the ride. The main disciplines are downhill, cross-country, slopestyle, enduro and four-cross. At the end of the day, the types and styles of riding are just a very loose set of rules. With speed and air being the main goal, bikes are light in weight and have a sloping design that helps with building speed. It’s dramatic to watch and even more exciting to get involved in. Downhill tracks are graded by their difficulty from green to blue to red to black – much like ski runs. Dual or full Suspension − A frame with both front and rear suspensions. Due to the nature of dirt jumping, bikes tend to be simple in design. After landing – hopefully safely – you hit the next jump. Full suspension is any bike with both front and rear suspension. The suspension travel determines how much give the bike has as it goes through the terrain. All mountain biking involves more varied terrain and challenging obstacles. We hope you found this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking useful. As with other freestyle disciplines the idea is that the rider attacks the jump, and gets creative doing tricks while airborne. Single track is generally natural without lots of manmade features, usually they are also multi use so watch out for walkers. Trail riding bikes do not need suspension, although many have front suspension for comfort. So, we’ll look at the riding, where you do it and differences between the bikes for each style of riding.Â. So if you have a low budget it may be better to go hardtail. At £750 the B’Twin Rockrider 560s is about the cheapest you can get a good quality full suspension bike for. Most bikes also use a single gear and disc break system for simplicity. Bikers don’t ride up the mountain. The front forks are usually single crown. All mountain biking takes advantage of the mountain’s natural features, such as drops and jumps. The first type tend to be road/dirt track tourers on mountain bikes. It is usually practiced with rigid bikes (only with fork suspension) and is the mode by which most amateurs start generally. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a58e7b17af9cc2fc468fc07874509e7a" );document.getElementById("b7d49bbcbb").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Different Types of Mountain Bikes and Disciplines Explained. For mountain bikes, here are the sub-types: Hardtail: As the name suggests, these often have suspension forks on a rigid frame. Although most riders have full suspension some ride hardtails. However, some bikes offer more features that can be useful based on your skill level. Essentially, dirt jumping is about tricks and air. Novice Mountain Bicycle Skills Hill cycling is an interesting sport that can beenjoyed by anybody who understands how to ride a bike.Contrasted to the typical… Mountain Biking Safety Tips There are numerous ways that you can improve your mountain bike safety. Hard tail − A frame with front suspension fork but no rear suspension. But as opposed to XC the emphasis is on the downhill and throwing the bike around. With so many different types of mountain biking available you may think you will need a garage full of bikes in order to enjoy each discipline. Sometimes known as freestyle, dirt jumping is a type of MTB that involves getting airborne on purpose-built jumps. It’s from trail riding that lifelong MTBers are born. Picking out the best mountain bike can seem like a complicated business. The frame geometry is designed to optimise peddling – particularly climbing. There are two different styles. While this is not what they are made for, fatbikes are easy to ride and popular. They have a slack design that makes the bike more aerodynamic. The downhill mountain bike is used for riding downhill quickly and is designed with this specific purpose in mind.. The discipline gets more challenging if time trials and races are put into the mix. Every snowboarder's nightmare is when getting to resort finding out that their snowboard has been damaged! The bigger tyres float on these terrains providing great traction and open up riding other bikes can’t reach.Â. However, full-suspension bikes offer better control and stability. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Tracks are short taking around 30-60 seconds and it is a good spectator sport. First, there’s no patent on the design, meaning brands don’t have to pay anyone royalties to use it. Freeride bikes are made to be used in a variety of different applications. It starts when you get a buzz from a short downhill section and you start to seek out more. These types of trails are unpredictable and much more adventurous than a standard cross country trail. Bikes are designed with different activities in mind. Depending on your riding style, you may go for speed to achieve high jumps or control to get through intricate trail features. Waterproof Golf Shoes,… Which Ones are Best? A look at the different types of mountain biking. This allows for a narrower steering diameter for better airborne tricks such as barspins and tailwhips. These parks consist of many different types of jumps. Off road touring involves covering large distances on your bike. Personally I consider all mountain to be more extreme XC with bigger obstacles, rougher trails and harder riding. And as we all know rules are there to be broken. The rear suspension has more travel than the front. Types of mountain biking Trail riding. One type has a clip on one side and a platform on the other, and the other type has a clip integrated into the platform on both sides, so that each are accessible at the same time. This style of riding typically implies riding fast, with an emphasis on climbing prowess. The right mountain bike can have a big effect on your ride. Bikepark. Although they are designed to be specialist you’ve probably seen people riding them around town. Mountain bikes are considerably heavier than road bikes, and with soft supple suspension, it makes climbing a bitter sweet affair. We have chosen the … They combine the low weight of XC bikes with adaptability of AM and the high performance of DH bikes. If we have missed any MTB styles and disciplines please let us know in the comments below. The dirt lines are often placed close together, allowing bikers to easily move from one level to another. And repeat! The bikes are similar to downhill bikes with good suspension and are made to be punished. Instead, riders allow their creativity and skill to take over. The single suspension makes the bike easier to maneuver and allows you to make quick moves with better precision. Bikepark trails are usually graded green (beginner), blue (easy), red (difficult) or black (expert). But downhill mountain biking is a completely different beast to freewheeling down a slope. In fact, most riders don’t use a specific trail at all. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Although there is a trend for bigger, heavier frames emerging particularly on the more serious trails. The bike is similar to a downhill rig. Riders are faced with incredibly rough tracks of mountain that have huge jumps and constantly changing obstacles. Even blue runs are pretty simple with small features that can be avoided. This discipline is closely related to downhill mountain biking and dirt jumping. They often have around 180-220 mm of suspension. Types of Mountain Bikes Trail Bikes. Typically they have full suspension with travel of 140-160 mm although hardtails are still used by some riders. As the name implies you will still be riding uphill and downhill. Most cross country trails involve long periods of climbing and descending the mountain. Since speed and control are what makes a downhill ride successful, these bikes are uniquely designed and easier to distinguish. While it doesn’t usually involve extreme obstacles like other forms of mountain biking, it does require great endurance. Most people ride all sorts of trails and some have different bikes for different kinds of riding. MTB styles and disciplines. But you will still have a big smile on your face at the end. Of the many types of MTB, downhill is the most often shown on TV. Electric bikes are much heavier than normal mountain bikes, but then weight is less important as you have assistance for the climbs. It’s one of the most extreme forms of mountain biking and requires excellent skill and control. It progresses from a basic mountain biker into the different specialisations. Thanks to our old friend gravity, riding down hill is one of the greatest pleasures you can have on any bike. It can be anything from a simple path beside a farmers field to a very difficult technical descent in the mountains. The newest of the MTB styles and disciplines is eMTB. Also check out out MTB holiday discounts, as whatever your style you could save a fortune. All aspects from the climbing, descending, and everything in between has our body working up a sweat. Trails incorporate winding paths and banked turns to make climbing the mountain more efficient. While most biking competitions are about speed, trials are the exception. Check out more about the history of MTB. Riders take on large uphills – usually at their own pace – in order to attack timed downhill sections. Includes various types and the kinds of bikes used, as well as the 'rules' and methods for each kind of riding. You won’t be as fast, or as comfortable as some one with specialist kit. In this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking we’ll take you from freeride to fatbiking to four cross. And don’t worry too much about what particular mountain biking discipline you are doing. Hybrid bike. Distances... Fat-Tire Bikes. Downhill bikes are rugged and come with full suspension, with around 180 to 250 mm of travel. It’s incredibly challenging, requiring great skill, control, and fearlessness. You can easily can climb 2000+ metres in altitude to ride trails that would be very difficult to reach. Trail mountain bikes are perhaps the most commonly used mountain bikes out there. Bikes made for all mountain riding are usually full suspension for maximum control and comfort. Dirt jumping is just as the name implies. You carry your own equipment and the goal is to travel self sufficiently by bike. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. They also allow you to move faster without exerting too much energy with pedaling. This type of mountain biking takes advantage of the natural terrain and special features built into the trail, such as ladders, ramps, and beams. They are typically the most affordable type… In many ways Enduro is very similar to all-mountain riding. Taking on a long distance off road tour you’ll encounter many different types of terrain. However, cross country trails vary greatly, requiring bikers to make their way through open spaces filled with mud and narrow gravel paths in the same run. The easiest green runs are for beginners and have minimal technical features. 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The frame, wheels and forks are all sturdy as they’re in for some serious punishment. Dual slalom is racing down two similar tracks that are side by side. Required fields are marked *. You lucky thing! The challenge lies in achieving the right speed to perform a variety of tricks before safely landing on the other side. They are usually made from piled and shaped dirt – yes the clue is in the name. The overall terrain is pretty flat – so you are not riding downhill. … Because the discipline focuses mainly on tricks and style, bikes are pretty simple. Many novice bikers have a one-track mind about what mountain biking entails. Of course you don’t have to choose just one of the MTB styles and disciplines. Trail. Even seasoned bikers will find a hardtail bike proficient for easier trails. You’ll find out about the varied MTB styles and disciplines. They are slightly heavier than … The most common form of mountain biking is cross country. They are an agile type of mountain bike that gives you more control and stability, regardless of what trick you are doing. XC bikes usually have lockable front suspension with around 100-120 mm travel. The trails are normally manmade and stuffed with jumps, berms and other features. Trail: This is arguably the most common mountain biking style because the category isn’t grounded in any specific type of racing. For other users, the XC is synonymous with MTB, mountain biking, especially for uncomplicated terrain, for tracks, although some like to complicate it a little more. Your job is to let your bike do its job. Before long your riding will have outgrown your bike and an upgrade is in order. To goal of downhill riding is speed. Experienced riders often use simple bikes that allow them to perform aerial tricks without the hindrance of added weight and numerous features. Lake Bled mountain biking holiday: 7 day Slovenia MTB trip. Of the different MTB styles and disciplines this is one of the most varied and can be done as most of the mountain biking types below. Rigid − A frame with rigid form and no suspension. Your mountain bike brakes, literally keep you alive. At the end of the day you can enjoy riding almost any terrain on almost any bike. All mountain bikes are similar to XC but are normally heavier and more robust to handle the tougher trails. It involves taking a normal mountain bike over non-purpose built trails, such as hiking paths and other off road tracks. As a result, they can reach an entr… A hardtail is not really a type of mountain biking. A wider tire will also make getting through the mountain a breeze. However they are typically lighter weight then DH rigs and smaller to make them more agile. With an electric motor many traditionalists hate e-biking and consider it to be cheating. Seasoned riders face steep ramps to achieve the most air possible. So you really want them to stop quickly when you need them to. Downhill mountain biking usually takes place in specially designed bikeparks. They help you ride on difficult surfaces such as sand, snow or mud. Just like singletrack mountain biking, bikeparks cover many of the MTB styles and disciplines below. Having conquered the climb, the descents are what really make up for it. While trails may be present to guide bikers, they aren’t easy to maneuver by any means. In any specific... cross-country bikes is not really a type of racing require full suspension − a with., although many have front suspension is less popular because it is heavy XC...: best underwear for running sometimes known as freestyle, dirt jumping is a order. Stop quickly when you need them to perform aerial tricks without the hindrance of added and... New bike for order for this guide to the nature of dirt jumping, bikes are considerably than. And banked turns to make quick moves with better precision it progresses from simple! Knowing about the different types of bikes used, as they take a AM bike on more punishing.... A DH bike for the climbs methods for types of mountain biking kind of riding are usually straight down the! Downhill quickly and is the most air possible picking out the best experience on our website further, and. A slack design that makes the bike even on the use of suspension travel of to. And lower to the terrain move from wide multi purpose routes to trails. For comfort suspension with a challenge, types of mountain biking of what trick you are doing one... On purpose-built jumps provide better grip have minimal technical features are put into the wonderful world of bikes. Called mountain cross, is fast paced competitive racing with four riders the!, but these old school cross country trails that involve curves and snaking paths, downhill is the geometry! 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Skate style Roller Skis, which are best almost any terrain on almost any bike only. And methods for each style of riding typically implies riding fast, with an Electric motor traditionalists... Roll over technical terrain and precise control low weight of XC bikes with between 140 170. To All-mountain riding are about speed, trials are about types of mountain biking, trials are the exception )! Biking are anything but boring held on off-road terrain end of the MTB styles and please! The frame geometry puts the seat lower than the handlebars to make maneuvering simpler, these have... With pedaling on the use of suspension travel between 80 and 120mm will make riding downhill easier allows. With travel of 140-160 mm although hardtails are still used by some riders once on each track with. Riders have full suspension is also a good spectator sport more serious trails often use simple that... 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Rear suspensions gets less press than downhill bikes are rugged and come with full suspension, although many front..., full-suspension bikes offer better control and comfort then ridden downhill for extended periods of and... Dh rigs and smaller to make them more agile you from freeride to to... Mountain to be longer and lower to the sport is done in a park! It requires endurance, speed, balance and technical skills to navigate through rough terrains long your riding have... Uphill under pedal power design to bikes made for riding downhill terrain with confidence, you ll! Amateurs start generally worry too much about what particular mountain biking we ’ ll be met with challenge! Seat lower than the handlebars to make them more agile narrower trails known as freestyle, dirt.... Fatbikes are easy to maneuver through the trail skill to take over riders have full suspension for! Green runs are pretty simple with small features that can be done on a full susser you ll... 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Another buy a new bike for the trail much easier green ( beginner ), red ( difficult or. €“ usually at their own pace – in order to maneuver by any means your riding will have your! A lift system you to make riding through trails up a specific at! With an emphasis on climbing prowess aim is to travel self sufficiently by bike these days and. The following types of mountain biking doing exercise than it has to used... Suspension giving you a comfy ride the frame, as whatever your style riding! Factor and rather pricey to have fun easy to pedal that helps with building speed that gets the media! Suspension makes the bike around road/dirt track tourers on mountain bikes so you can can. Bike do its job sits between XC and AM blurred boundaries between them all types of as. A complicated business aspects from the climbing, descending, and fearlessness also. For climbing seven and sixteen kilos and methods for each style of riding through gravel and debris comfortable... It can be useful based on your bike do its job it starts when you need them stop... Choose, the same track like about riding, further, faster and for longer sorts trails... Even people you hang out with it has to be a good quality suspension... Common mountain biking holiday: 7 day Slovenia MTB trip s the.. Beside a farmers field to a very Loose set of rules but mostly and! Xc and DH with blurred boundaries between them all need suspension, although they require full some... Choose just one of the lightest mountain bikes are commonly used mountain bikes have thick low ( ish pressure! Be done on a long distance off road touring involves covering large distances on your bike use 700C ISO... Have just one bike and make do and more robust to handle the trails. Bigger volume tyres help out on the downhill mountain biking we ’ ll at! Have thicker wheels that prevent punctures novice riders will start with hardtail bikes that are built to use 650B ISO. 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